Toddler Diarrhea and Vomiting (Dehydration)


Toddler diarrhea and vomiting:

Toddler diarrhea and vomiting
It is normal for toddlers and young kids to vomit occasionally. Toddler diarrhea and vomiting are quite common and even though the symptoms might be unpleasant, your child will often start feeling better after a few days.

It is also critical to note that persistent vomiting may sometimes cause your toddler to become severely dehydrated, and in rare situations, this is always perceived as a sign of something more fatal, such as meningitis.

This particular article examines in fine details, some of the common causes of toddler diarrhea and vomiting among children, what to do if the situation persists and how to alleviate your kid’s symptoms.

What are the causes of diarrhea and vomiting in children ,Toddlers?

Children between the ages of one to five years often pass loose, smelly and regular stools that might contain identifiable foods such as beans, peas, and carrots. Mostly, such children are just experiencing a perfect and a normal healthy growth, and sometimes the physician may not be in a position to identify any common cause.

For smaller babies, though, they may experience regular loose feces or stools, while breastfed babies occasionally experience looser feces compared to formula-fed once.

There are numerous possible causes of diarrhea among toddlers, which are described below:

Gastroenteritis:

This is an infection of the gut and is a common cause of vomiting in young kids. Usually, it results from a virus and is common among formula-fed infants.

Food allergy:

Food allergies may lead to vomiting in kids, and may be accompanied with other symptoms including swelling of the face and occurrence of raised, itchy, red skin rashes. This implies that you should be careful with foods that may lead to vomiting, and visit your GP for immediate diagnosis if you think your kid has a food allergy.

Food poisoning:

Swallowing unknowingly a poisonous food can potentially cause your child to vomit.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux:

This is a condition where the contents of the stomach usually escape back up to the gullet, hence leading to vomiting.

Other infections:

Vomiting may sometimes be caused by other infections including middle ear infections, urinary tract infections, and pneumonia.

When to consider medical assistance

It is critical to note that usually, vomiting lasts for one to three days, while diarrhoea lasts for about five to seven weeks. If your kid’s symptoms take longer than this, or if they are showing dehydration signs, contact your doctor.

Dehydration signs in toddlers or baby.

Your child may be experiencing dehydration if he/she has:
A dry mouth.
Sunken eyes
Fewer wet nappies.
Dark yellow urine
Few or no tears when crying.

Toddler diarrhea and vomiting treatment:

Babies:

It has been noted that vomiting and diarrhea incidences among small kids are always more fatal than in older children. This is so because babies can potentially lose much more water from their bodies, and become dehydrated.

If you notice any of the dehydration symptoms named earlier, you will probably need to offer medication for your baby.

There exist various Rehydration fluids you can opt for from your local chemist and pharmacy. You can also get a prescription from your personal doctor.

If your kid has been passing more diarrhea feces in the past twenty-four hours, or if he/she has been vomiting for three or more times in the past one day, definitely it is time to call your doctor for assistance.

However, kindly seek immediate medical assistance if your child is showing any of the following symptoms.
If she/he is :
passing inadequate urine
Less responsive
Experiencing prolonged vomiting lasting for more than a day.

Toddlers:

Seek medical attention if your toddler has:
Continuous and severe stomach ache.
Diarrhoea that is watery in particular lasts for longer than 48 to 72 hours.
Diarrhea and vomits at the same time.

There are anti-diarrhea medications available in various chemists. You must always go for those recommended by the medics.

Children:

Among older children, a series of signs may be shown, including large and frequent watery feces. The color of the feces may vary from green to brown and with an intimidating smell. Kindly note that Diarrhoea may also be associated with pain or stomach cramps.Seek medical attention if your child has:

Experienced six or more incidences of diarrhea in the past 24 hours.
Is vomiting and has diarrhea at the same time.
Watery diarrhea.
Diarrhea that contains blood.
Diarrhea that has lasted for more than two weeks.
Diarrhea and you are worried.

Toddler diarrhea and vomiting personal care:

If your kid is experiencing diarrhea and vomiting, there are a couple of helpful things you can employ so as to combat the situation. Below are what you can do:

Feeding:

For formula-fed babies, you should always ensure that the bottles are incredibly and carefully sterilized.

If your toddler is under a year old, you should always offer more fluids in a bid to prevent dehydration incidences.

Observe, at all cost, good personal hygiene.

Older kids should maintain their regular feeding. The diet must contain foods high in carbohydrates, including potatoes, bread, and rice.

If your kid is currently on solid foods, keenly follow his/her the appetite.

For bottle and breastfed babies, you should continue giving them their regular feeds. However, never make milk formula in advance for future storage, bearing in mind that bacteria in the bottles can lead to even more health issues.

Combating dehydration:

Bearing in mind that children are likely to lose lots of fluids due to dehydration, you should try as much as possible and replace these lost water. There is a host of specially prepared rehydration drinks you can opt for.

Always follow the instructions provided. If in any case, the child refuses to take the drink, you can try diluting the drinks with water. Kindly avoid energy and sports drinks as rehydration fluids.

Medicines:

Regarding medication, just know that you should never give any form of medications to counter diarrhea. It is better for diarrhea plus the bacteria or the virus that caused it to leave the body naturally.

Also, having understood that diarrhea may be caused by a virus, the use of antibiotics should not be encouraged. Why? Antibiotics only function on fighting bacteria but not viruses.

Again you should keep your kid far from individuals who have a weaker immune system when he/she is unwell.

Cleanliness and hygiene Tips:

Make sure that your kid’s bottom is thoroughly cleaned, after every episode of diarrhea, so as to prevent skin irritation.

Using warm and running water and soap, thoroughly wash your hands so as to avoid further infection incidences. Use a clean towel to dry your hands but kindly do not share the towels with anyone.

For children who wear nappies, you can employ the utilization of a barrier cream to avoid the development of soreness or nappy rashes.

Never share personal items. Your kid must stick to his/her items, such as face cloths, toothbrush, and towels.

If possible, if your child has diarrhea, you can use a separate toilet and clean using an effective disinfectant after every usage.

You should eliminate and wash immediately bedding or clothing contaminated with vomit or diarrhea.

Also, if you child has the disease, you should restrict him/her from going to school for 48 hours after the last episode, as this may lead to the spread of the disease.

Lastly, if your kid has been diagnosed with NOROVIRUS, or has vomiting and diarrhea after having contact with an individual having Norovirus, you must disinfect surfaces that might have been contaminated.

Toddler Diarrhea and Vomiting

Bearing in mind that children experiencing vomiting and diarrhea always look irritable and tired, you should always ensure that your Diarrhoea-infected kid only sleeps on his/her back, as this position can potentially reduce the risk of Unexpected Sudden Death in Infancy occurrences.

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